1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (2022)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (1) In the fourth of our on-going essay series called ‘Hindi classics that defined the decade,’ we look back at the 1980s Bollywood hits.

Most critics generally brush off the 1980s as a “low point” in Hindi cinema and the “lowest”, they demurred, was about to follow – the dreadful 1990s. Was this period, then, a veritable decline for Bollywood? Did the 1980s have nothing worth celebrating? Well, there was plenty to begin with. You merely have to look at the sheer versatility and variety of cinema on display in that decade to know that 1980s is just as important as any other. It’s a decade in which a period spectacle like Umrao Jaan rubbed shoulder with the madcap Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro and Govind Nihalani-Om Puri’s breakthrough Ardh Satya, considered a treasure of the art-house circuit while Mahesh Bhatt’s sensitive Arth shared sibling love with the seriously entertaining Mr India and Vidhu Vinod Chopra’s essential gangster best-seller, Parinda.

Musically, the Laxmikant-Pyarelal and RD Burman-era 1980s anticipated the Nadeem Shravan-infused saccharine melody of the 1990s. (Gulzar did some of his finest works in the 1980s, ending the decade with Ijaazat and Libaas). You could feel romance in the air, with the star-crossed love stories introducing two young men who have had a riveting hold on the audiences in wildly different ways. Ek Duuje Ke Liye, Kamal Haasan’s Hindi debut, Romeo-Julietified the trend for shock endings. Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla’s breakout Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak followed the same path. Music was the soul of both films. Music was also at the heart of the success of Karz, with Rishi Kapoor flexing his rockstar-dom and so, one must say, Umrao Jaan whose mujras (performed with grace by Rekha), poetry (director Muzaffar Ali’s favourite Shahryar at work) and Khayyam’s immortal compositions are a throwback to 1950s classicism.

So, is 1980s really all that bad? Indeed, it had its misses and misfortunes, but overall, the decade saw an excellent mix of meaningful and commercially-minded hits that has inspired as many viewers to think as much as it has entertained. In the fourth of our on-going essay series called ‘Hindi classics that defined the decade,’ we look back at the 1980s Bollywood hits.

Karz (1980)

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1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (6) Rishi Kapoor and Tina Munim in Karz. (Express archive photo)

Today, this film is held up as a classic example of a “musical blockbuster,” in the canny phrasing of the Hindi cinema trade. But, if director Subhash Ghai is to be believed, it was a commercial flop on its release. “Every critic criticised that film,” Ghai told an interviewer. “In the 1980s, Karz was like today’s Kisna.” Karz infuses LP’s chartbuster music with Rishi Kapoor’s boyish charm and the ever-so-dependable theme of reincarnation. Farah Khan’s adoring tribute to Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Karz in Om Shanti Om says all that there is to say about this film’s continuing influence on today’s mainstream filmmakers. “I think it’s Subhash Ghai’s best film,” Khan once declared.

Khubsoorat (1980)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (7) Rakesh Roshan and Rekha in Khubsoorat. (Express archive photo)

Khubsoorat is a little gem from Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s vast portfolio. Not his best but it manages to have many of the themes we associate with a Hrishida film. Familiar faces adorn the screen, especially a warm-hearted turn by Ashok Kumar as the henpecked husband sneaking in cigarettes when wife Dina Pathak is not around. Contrast this with David’s household, where life is one big party. The daughters (one of them played effervescently by Rekha) play games and trade ‘qaafiya’, but when the elder one gets married off into the Ashok Kumar family (who himself, as it turns out, is a closet music connoisseur holding a master class on the terrace) she has to follow the strict discipline set by the stern, principal-like Dina Pathak. Is life worth living with so many rules around? Rekha, who walks into the kitchen to grab an unwashed apple only to receive a cold stare from her future mother-in-law, will find out.

Umrao Jaan (1981)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (8) Farooq Sheikh and Rekha in Umrao Jaan. (Express archive photo)

Muzaffar Ali’s account of a courtesan with a heart – and a literary gift – Umrao Jaan is an ode to the cultural flourishing of the 19th century marked by “peaceful coexistence between people that was manifested through poetry, music and the arts.” Rekha’s immortal title character is at once hopeful and heartbreaking. The climax, with her return to Lucknow as a much-celebrated courtesan, sees Umrao (Rekha) performing at the very place she once called home in the presence of her mother and brother. Shahryar put it best, in Yeh kya jageh hai dosto, “To what realm has life brought me?/ A place where I have no control over my happiness and no choice over my sorrow.”

Arth (1982)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (9) Shabana Azmi, Smita Patil and Kulbhushan Kharbanda in Arth. (Express archive photo)

A common criticism against Mahesh Bhatt is that he makes the same film again and again. To be sure, Arth is the mother lode of all his cinema – it emerged from, to use the director’s own purple prose, an “emotional wasteland.” Based on personal experiences (confessional cinema, as some critics have pointed out), Arth is as intimate to the director’s core as it can get. Bhatt uses his famous extramarital affair with Parveen Babi to shape Arth into a sharp psychological portrait of a (rapidly falling) marriage. Kaifi Azmi’s poetry lends the film sensitivity and depth missing in the Bhatt stable’s later soundtracks.

Ardh Satya (1983)

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1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (10) Sadashiv Amrapurkar and Om Puri in Ardh Satya. (Express archive photo)

This is gritty, unblinking cinema at its volatile best. Vijay Tendulkar’s forceful screenplay provided the stage for Ardh Satya and the hungry talents of Om Puri, Smita Patil and Sadashiv Amrapurkar gave it wings. In the 1970s, we had seen the Salim-Javed creation Vijay capture wide public attention. Vijay of Zanjeer, as played by Amitabh Bachchan, was laconic and heroic. But Anant, Om Puri’s frustrated cop, is all too real to be heroic. Both are angry young men, but while Vijay learns to manipulate the system, often taking the route of crime Anant is done in by the very system he serves. Interestingly, Bachchan was said to be the first choice for Anant. Wonder how Om Puri’s career had shaped up if Ardh Satya had gone to Bachchan.

Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro (1983)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (11) Rajesh Puri, Naseeruddin Shah, Bhakti Barve and Ravi Baswani in Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro. (Express archive photo)

Naseeruddin Shah and the late Ravi Baswani are two goofy photographers, the perpetual losers who it seems can never hit it big. Pretty soon, in a stroke of great luck, they chance upon a prized scandal that has all the makings of a sensational headline. Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro brought together an ensemble of the finest talents that Hindi cinema would ever see – a real gathering of cinema titans. There was Vidhu Vinod Chopra, Sudhir Mishra, Om Puri, Satish Shah, Bhakti Bharve and Pankaj Kapur and only the mad genius of Kundan Shah could have brought them all on the same platform. At heart, Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro is a trenchant satire on nearly everything that ails India, of then and of today. Reportedly, a common refrain of the JBDY unit was, “Jaane Bhi Do Yaaro wasn’t planned. It just happened.” To date, the film remains uncategorizable.

Mr India (1987)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (12) Amrish Puri and Anil Kapoor on the set of Mr India. (Express archive photo)

The most un-Shekhar Kapur film that Shekhar Kapur has ever made, Mr India is parts sci-fi and parts superhero with its alter ego formula and is full of a colourful cast of memorable characters. First off is Mogambo, the cartoonish villain immortalised by Amrish Puri. Mr India is played by Anil Kapoor, his look perhaps an inspiration from Chaplin/Raj Kapoor complete with a careworn jacket and hat. Sridevi, as the small-time reporter and the suspender-clad Annu Kapoor as an editor prone to answering wrong numbers, reveal a superlative talent for sitcom. Mr India was made thirty years ago. You can still catch a rerun of it on TV and never get bored. The stuff is familiar and yet, strangely, as fresh as it was in 1987.

Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (1988)

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1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (13) Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla in Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak. (Express archive photo)

The star-making turn for the fresh-faced Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla, Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak is a classic Romeo Juliet peppered with hill station-vibe songs, thanks to Anand-Milind’s melodic soundtrack. The trend for tragic romance was already set by Kamal Haasan-Rati Agnihotri’s Ek Duuje Ke Liye in 1981. The QSQT formula was milked by Bollywood for years, until the whole warring families-parental opposition thing went out of fashion circa-2000.

Parinda (1989)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (14) Kamal Chopra, Nana Patekar, Anil Kapoor, Suresh Oberoi and Jackie Shroff in Parinda. (Express archive photo)

If there was no Ardh Satya, there would be no Parinda and if there was no Parinda, there would be no Satya. Vidhu Vinod Chopra’s gangland drama defined and redefined the mafia genre in Bollywood. Jackie Shroff and Anil Kapoor, who made for a rather macho screen pair, were the ideal candidates as brothers. One joins the gang headed by eccentric kingpin (Nana Patekar, petrified of fire), all the while trying his best to keep the younger sibling away from the world of crime. Usually, Anil Kapoor tended to steal the show in many Jackie-Anil combos due largely in part to the author-backed roles he got, but in Parinda, Jackie Shroff – suitably angry and injured – delivers the film all the way to its burning climax when he sets his former boss on fire.

Salim Langde Pe Mat Ro (1989)

1980s in Bollywood: The decade offered a dizzying array of cinematic delights (15) Makarand Deshpande, Pavan Malhotra and Ashutosh Gowarikar in Salim Langde Pe Mat Ro. (Express archive photo)

Narrated breathlessly by Pavan Malhotra, the small-time thief and protagonist of Salim Langde Pe Mat Ro, the film opens like Martin Scorsese’s Mean Streets. Spare a thought for the characters Salim is about to introduce. There’s his father, a mill worker, his mother and sister, his dead electrician brother, pigeon-raiser friend Abdul, Peera who, inspired by Hollywood films, wears sunglasses at night, Jaani Hippie and Rafiq, the restaurant owner – was Mirza making Nukkad? Mirza contrasts the brash, rouge-tongued, pro-Muslim Salim against Aslam, the secularist, soft-spoken, refined and broad-minded man who works as a proof-reader. Aslam is his sister’s suitor. Between them, they represent the two different faces of the Muslim community. Both are true and both exist. Similarities could also be drawn with Albert Pinto, Mirza’s other hero from another minority. Salim could well be an extension of Albert.

Also Read | Hindi classics that defined the 1970s | 1960s Bollywood was frothy, perfectly in tune with the high spirits of the swinging times|Shree 420 to Pyaasa, 10 immortal gems from 1950s Bollywood

(Shaikh Ayaz is a writer and journalist based in Mumbai)

FAQs

Why decade of 1970s is considered as a revolutionary decade in Bollywood? ›

This was the time when cinema was clearly divided into Art and Commerce and Middle-of-the-the-Road, and each had its followers. This was also the decade which saw the birth of the first superstar Rajesh Khanna, and his dethroning by Amitabh Bachchan.

Which decade is known as the golden era of Bollywood? ›

1950s was the decade which is known as the Golden era of Hindi Cinema. It was the time when some of the best directors, writers and actors came together to create seminal films that are considered classics even half a century later.

Why is it called golden era of Bollywood? ›

Golden age (late 1940s–1960s) The period from the late 1940s to the early 1960s, after India's independence, is regarded by film historians as the Golden Age of Hindi cinema. Some of the most critically acclaimed Hindi films of all time were produced during this time.

What is golden era of Indian cinema? ›

The 1950s was led film historians to refer to this glorious time as the golden age of Indian Cinema. Film makers created authored and individual works while sticking strictly within the set conventions of the films.

Why was the 1970s known as the golden age of film? ›

While the 30s, 40s, and 50s were a golden age for classic films, the 70s was a golden decade for modern films. Due to the collapse of the studio system and the Hays Code, films were able to be made with fewer restrictions on topics and reduced oversight from producers.

What was the 1970s decade known as? ›

Tom Wolfe called the 1970s the "Me Decade." Across the land, Americans seemed determined to escape from the wars and social movements of the previous decade. Disillusionment with national and global action led many to look inward and find solace in discovering more about themselves.

Who is the king of Bollywood 1980? ›

Referred to in the media as the "Baadshah of Bollywood", "King of Bollywood" and "King Khan", he has appeared in more than 80 films, and earned numerous accolades, including 14 Filmfare Awards.
...
Shah Rukh Khan
WorksFull list
SpouseGauri Chibber ​ ( m. 1991)​
Children3
AwardsFull list
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Who is known as Golden Era? ›

Ancient India

The period between the 4th and 6th centuries CE is known as the Golden Age of India because of the considerable achievements of Indians in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, science, religion and philosophy during the Gupta Empire.

What is golden era called? ›

A golden age is a period considered the apotheosis in the history of a country or people, a field of endeavor when the greatest of tasks were accomplished. The term originated from early Greek and Roman poets, who used it to refer to a time when mankind lived in a better time and was pure (see Golden Age).

When was the golden period of India? ›

Gupta Empire

The period of Gupta rule between 300 and 600 CE has been called the Golden Age of India for its advances in science and emphasis on classical Indian art and literature.

Which period is known as golden period and why? ›

1. Gupta period was called as the golden age of India because of the scientific and artistic endeavours that took place in this period.

Who is reason in India history is called the Golden Age of India? ›

During the peak of its powers the Gupta Empire covered nearly all of the Indian subcontinent . Historians have said it to be the golden age of India. The foundation of the empire was laid by king Sri Gupta , however the most notable and famed rulers of the dynasty are Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II.

Why is it called the golden age of cinema? ›

The Golden Age is so called because it was a time in which many movie stars were at their peak and when many classic films were released. Many critics cite Citizen Kane, directed by Orson Welles, as one of the best movies ever made, and also one of the pinnacles of the Golden Age of Hollywood.

When was the golden era of film? ›

Though historians can't agree on the exact years of Hollywood's so-called Golden Age, the years 1930 through 1945 were particularly good for moviemaking. Hollywood glittered not just with profit, but with popular stars and brilliant filmmakers.

What is the best era of cinema? ›

Most film scholars will tell you that the 1970s were the greatest decade of film.

What is the 1970s most known for? ›

The 1970s are famous for bell-bottoms and the rise of disco, but it was also an era of economic struggle, cultural change and technological innovation.

What was the film industry like in the 1980s? ›

The period was when "high concept" films gained popularity, where films were expected to be easily marketable and understandable. Therefore, they had short cinematic plots that could be summarized in one or two sentences. The modern Hollywood blockbuster is the most popular film format from the 1980s.

Why is 1970s important in history? ›

The 1970s are remembered as an era when the women's rights, gay rights and environmental movements competed with the Watergate scandal, the energy crisis and the ongoing Vietnam War for the world's attention.

What was the 1980's known for? ›

The 1980s, often remembered for its materialism and consumerism, also saw the rise of the "yuppie," an explosion of blockbuster movies and the emergence of cable networks like MTV, which introduced the music video and launched the careers of many iconic artists, and the emergence of the AIDS crisis, which would go on ...

What is the 1980s era called? ›

The decade, known as the Excellence Eighties and the Moderation Decade, saw a dominance of conservatism and free market economics, and a socioeconomic change due to advances in technology and a worldwide move away from planned economies and towards laissez-faire capitalism compared to the 1970s.

What happened in the 1980's? ›

During the 1980s, conservative politics and Reaganomics held sway as the Berlin Wall crumbled, new computer technologies emerged and blockbuster movies and MTV reshaped pop culture.

Who was the biggest Bollywood star in 80s? ›

  1. Rahul Roy. © T-Series. Rahul Roy had a debut that many people dream of. ...
  2. Kumar Gaurav. © Shemaroo. Kumar Gaurav, too, had a magnificent debut with the 1981 film Love Story. ...
  3. Raj Kiran. © Shemaroo. Raj Kiran was a proper actor's actor. ...
  4. Deepak Tijori. © BCCL. ...
  5. Chandrachur Singh. © BCCL. ...
  6. Sharad Kapoor. © BCCL.
21 Oct 2020

Who is the 1st super superstar of Bollywood? ›

Rajesh Khanna was Indian cinema's first superstar, in the real sense of the term. Before him there were great stars like Saigal and P.C Barua in the 1930s and 40s, and then Dilip Kumar, Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand in the next era.

Who is called Queen of Bollywood? ›

Bollywood Actress, Kangana Ranaut is called 'Queen' for all the right reasons. She is ambitious, bold, fierce and all that a woman should be.

Which dynasty is known as the golden age of Indian history and why? ›

Complete answer: (i) The Gupta age is called the Golden Age of Indian history because art, culture and literature flourished in this period. (ii) Gupta rulers were patrons of art and literature.

Who led the golden age? ›

The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—”the first citizen” of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.

What was the best golden age in history? ›

One the most classic examples of a golden age is that of ancient Athens. During this time many philosophical ideas were developed and political stability was experienced by the people. Many of the ideas that came from Athens are still important today, such as the idea of democracy.

What are the 3 golden ages? ›

explores three periods in Western history that exploded with creativity: Elizabethan England, Renaissance Florence, and America's founding. What enabled these societies to make staggering jumps in scientific knowledge, develop new political structures, or create timeless works of art?

What are the 4 golden ages? ›

The Roman poet Ovid simplified the concept by reducing the number of Ages to four: Gold, Bronze, Silver, and Iron.

What age is golden birthday? ›

It's when you turn double the age of the day you were born on, (turning 24 on the 12th). Turning 50 has also been considered a golden birthday year, and many people choose to decorate with black and gold.

How old is India? ›

You would be surprised to know that the Indian subcontinent has been flourishing for around 5,000-6,000 years and its peoples joined together to form a civilization in roughly 1500 BCE when they created the Vedic Civilization, which laid out the foundations of Hinduism.

At which period India was the richest country? ›

The Indian subcontinent had the largest economy of any region in the world for most of the interval between the 1st and 18th centuries. Until 1000 AD, it was a subsistence economy with GDP per capita just above subsistence level, and with no GDP growth between 1 and 1000 AD.

Who Ruled India first? ›

The Mauryan Empire was the first pan-Indian empire. It covered most of the Indian region and was founded around 321 B.C.E.

Who called Gupta period Golden Age? ›

The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire which existed from the early 4th century CE to late 6th century CE. At its zenith, from approximately 319 to 467 CE, it covered much of the Indian subcontinent. This period is considered as the Golden Age of India by historians.

Who was called the Napoleon of India? ›

Samudragupta, the ruler of the Gupta Empire is known as the Napoleon of India.

Where was the Golden Age of India? ›

South India in the 10th and 11th century AD under the imperial Chola Dynasty has been called Golden Age as well. The period saw extensive achievements in architecture, literature, sculpture and bronze working, maritime conquests with extensive trade, and quasi-democratic reforms.

Which cinema experienced its own Golden Age in the 1980s and early 1990s? ›

Malayalam cinema experienced its own Golden Age in the 1980s and early 1990s. Acclaimed Malayalam filmmakers included Adoor Gopalakrishnan, G.

What is the golden age theme? ›

Loneliness and isolation are the overriding themes in the Golden Age and not just in relation to the children. While Frank and Elsa are the focus of the novel, London also acknowledges the toll taken on the parents of children stricken with polio.

When was the second Golden Age of cinema? ›

The second golden era of Philippine cinema transpired in the late 70s despite the government's censorship mandate.

Why is the golden age the most important period in Indian cinema? ›

The 'Golden Era' of Indian Cinema happens to coincide with India's independence from the British rule in 1947. Legends of the Indian Film industry were deeply influenced by India's anti-colonial struggle and independence movements and this ideology reflected in the movies that were being made during that time.

When was the golden age of media? ›

The 1960s through the late 1980s have been characterized as the “Golden Age of Advertising.” It was a time of big ideas, three-martini lunches and larger-than-life personalities who graced both the society pages and the business columns.

What was the most popular movie genre in the 80s? ›

1980s in graphs:

The fact comedy is by far and away the most popular genre this decade reflects this. In the 1980s Action and Drama were just as popular in the 1970s, however Crime basically disappeared off the radar to be replaced with much more light-hearted films.

Which is the best decade for music? ›

Music historians often enshrine the 1960s as the best decade for popular music, because it's when rock became a countercultural movement led by giants like Bob Dylan, The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. It was also the decade of soul music, with the emergence of the eminent Stax and Motown record labels.

What is the best scene in movie history? ›

50 Greatest Scenes In Movie History
  • The Babylonian Temple. Intolerance (1916) ...
  • The Heart-Warming Reunion. The Kid (1921) ...
  • Hanging from a Clock. Safety Last! ( ...
  • The Odessa Steps. Battleship Potemkin (1925) ...
  • Train Wreck. The General (1926) ...
  • Maria's Transformation. Metropolis (1927) ...
  • Little Maria. ...
  • Kong atop the Empire State Building.
1 Mar 2022

Why is 1950s considered a golden era of Hindi film music? ›

Bollywood music found greater success only in subsequent decades, witnessing its own golden era around the 1970s. However, the 1950s were when some of the greatest talents in Bollywood music—from Mohammaed Rafi, Kishore Kumar, and Lata Mangeshkar to Naushad—found success. From legendary composer S.D.

How would you characterize the 1970s as a decade? ›

Many remember the 1970s as a decade of soaring inflation, political upheaval, and the erosion of United States' prestige worldwide. But the significance of the seventies goes beyond high gas prices, Watergate, and Vietnam - profound changes to American politics, societal norms, and the nation's economy took root.

What major events happened in the 1970's in India? ›

During the 1970s, India experienced war, inflation, student and popular protests and, most impactful of all, the Emergency of 1975-77: a twenty-two month period when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi suspended constitutional rights and democracy and governed in authoritarian mode.

Which period is known as the golden period of Indian art and why? ›

1. Gupta period was called as the golden age of India because of the scientific and artistic endeavours that took place in this period.

What was life like in the 1980s? ›

The 1980s, often remembered for its materialism and consumerism, also saw the rise of the "yuppie," an explosion of blockbuster movies and the emergence of cable networks like MTV, which introduced the music video and launched the careers of many iconic artists, and the emergence of the AIDS crisis, which would go on ...

What era was the 1980s? ›

The 1980s (pronounced "nineteen-eighties", shortened to "the 80s" or "the Eighties") was a decade that began January 1, 1980 and ended December 31, 1989.
...
1980s.
Millennium:2nd millennium
Years:1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Categories:Births Deaths By country By topic Establishments Disestablishments
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What was popular in the 70s and 80s? ›

70's and 80's OVERVIEW:

Mood rings, lava lamps, Rubik's cube, Sea Monkeys, smiley face stickers, string art, and pet rocks were all popular during this decade. The fashion of the Sixties continued on through the Seventies.

What important events happened in 1980s? ›

  • Ronald Reagan Elected President. CNN Begins Broadcasting. ...
  • Sandra Day O'Connor First Woman U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Iranian Hostages Released. ...
  • Falklands War. ...
  • Sally Ride First U.S. Woman Astronaut. ...
  • Macintosh Computer. ...
  • Mikhail Gorbachev Institutes Glasnost and Perestroika in USSR. ...
  • Challenger Explodes. ...
  • Iran-Contra Hearings.

What is the 1970s best known for? ›

The 1970s are famous for bell-bottoms and the rise of disco, but it was also an era of economic struggle, cultural change and technological innovation.

What happened in 1980s in India? ›

14 January – Indira Gandhi returned to power. 5 April - Bharatiya Janata Party was formed. 23 June – Sanjay Gandhi is killed in a plane crash near Safdarjung Airport. 18 July - SLV-3 successfully launched from Sriharikota.

What major events happened in 1981 in India? ›

Events
  • National income - ₹1,727,755 million.
  • April 30 - Nearly 48 killed in Bihar Sharif due to communal riots between Yadavs and Muslims.
  • July – About 308 people die in Bangalore after drinking illicit liquor (see: 1981 Karnataka liquor deaths).
  • Arasan Ganesan Polytechnic is founded in Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu.

What two events of the 1970s do you feel were the most important? ›

The Vietnam War and the Anti-War Movement. The End of the Civil Rights Movement. The Gay Liberation Movement.

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